The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) reported that dangerously high temperatures and extreme weather events are expected, and the #ElNiño climate pattern is increasingly likely to develop in the Pacific Ocean this year. In other respects, according to the US science agency NOAA, the world has officially entered an El Niño phase. Scientists believe the weather patterns typically seen during El Niño will push global temperatures to record highs over the next few years. The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) said the effects of El Niño on global temperatures will likely be most pronounced in 2024.
Extreme weather events caused by El Niño hurt areas such as infrastructure, food, and energy systems around the world. Droughts and floods caused by the extreme El Niño event affected the food security of more than 60 million people, according to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
FAO stated in recent months that it is “Scrutinizing the areas in the world that are especially vulnerable to El Niño” and aiding nations in risk mitigation due to the record number of people experiencing severe food insecurity.
FAO also pointed out that in food-insecure regions such as South Africa, Central America, and parts of the Caribbean and Asia, it is worrying that El Niño weather conditions are causing key harvest seasons to be drier. This may put important grain producers such as Australia, Brazil, and South Africa at risk of dry conditions, and grain exporting countries such as Argentina, Turkey, and USA may be affected by heavy rains.
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